Sesame seeds differ in size , color and thickness of husk according to their variety. Oil, protein and carbohydrates are the main ingredients of sesame. The high energy it provides is mainly due to its oil. Sesame contains a small quantity of carbohydrates, but a rather high quantity of dietary fibers. With regard to metals, sesame is particularly rich in calcium, phosphorus and iron, contrary to rice and wheat flour, which are poor sources of these metals.

Sesame plant
(Sesamum Indicum L.)
Photograph from a model cultivation of sesame with reduced flows , developed by the American Agricultural School of Thessaloniki, in collaboration with company Haitoglou Bros S.A.